Thursday, July 26, 2018

Makalah Tentang Question Tag



MAKALAH

QUESTION TAGS











Disusun Oleh :

Nama              : ELISHA FITRI ONU
Kelas               : -









SMK MUTIARA 17 AGUSTUS
Jl. Perjuangan No.Kav. M 1, Tlk. Pucung, Bekasi Utara, Kota Bks, Jawa Barat 17121


FOREWORD


Praise the presence of Almighty God for all the abundance of Rahmat, Inayah, Taufik and Hidayah so that I can complete the preparation of this paper in its very simple form and contents. Hopefully this paper can be used as one of the references, guidelines and guidelines for readers in the assignment of English subjects.
I hope this paper will help to increase the knowledge and experience for the readers so that I can improve the form and content of this paper so that the future can be better.
I confess this paper is still a lot of shortcomings because the experience I have very less. Therefore, I hope the readers to provide constructive inputs for the perfection of this paper.

Bekasi, July 24th, 2018


Compiler





LIST OF CONTENTS

Halaman
FOREWORD ........................................................................................................ i
LIST OF CONTENTS               ...........................................................................  ii
CHAPTER 1 : INTRODUCTION ......................................................................  1
CHAPTER 2 : CONTENTS ................................................................................. 2
A.    What is Question Tags?  .............................................................................   2
B.    Question Tag Formula       ...........................................................................  2
C.   Figuration Of Question Tag    .......................................................................  3
D.   Intonation Of Question Tags .......................................................................   4
E.    Example ...................................................................................................      4
F.    More Example Of Question Tags.................................................................. 4
G.    Pay attention to the essential matters in Question Tags .............................. 5
CHAPTER III :  CLOSING ................................................................................. 7
CONCLUSION ...................................................................................................  7
BIBLIOGRAPHY ...............................................................................................  8










CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION


Question Tags is a very common used in English daily conversation. The sentence pattern of Question Tags is used to ask for confirmation from the listeners about something uncertain for the speaker. For example in Bahasa Indonesia we say:
Johan adalah seorang mahasiswa bukan ?
(Johan is a student, isn’t he ?)
The word ‘not’ in this sentence that we recognize in English as Question Tags. Question Tags are format using auxiliary verb  (is, are, do, does, did, have, has, can, may, must, shall will, etc) which are combine with pronoun (I, you, she, he, it, we, they) with the formula as following :
-    For the positive statements, Negative Question Tags.
-    For the negative statements, Positive Question Tags.



  



CHAPTER 2
CONTENT

Ø  What is Question Tag?
Question Tag is a special sentence patterns in English which is used for confirmation or approval.
Question tag is a statement which following by mini-question like isn’t it?, are you? Didn’t he?. Usually, Question tag used if questioner sure that his question answered yes or for asking confirmation.
  
Ø  Question Tag Formula
https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-SyAzF6s_rAs/Wbh-1Tgpa2I/AAAAAAAAEPc/YydyE0yrU0gyvuaO3d2HHVPdxc6PsvyswCLcBGAs/s400/1.png

Example :
She is going to come here, isn’t she?
He cannot go now, can he?
You will be here with me, won’t you?
 https://1.bp.blogspot.com/-ikeRh8nIUfk/Wbh_I8EBp6I/AAAAAAAAEPg/S834lyPRPLMBqfeV7TNnzf17OAyZtDBuACLcBGAs/s400/2.png 



Example :
She loves me, doesn’t she?
He visited you, didn’t he?
They don’t watch TV,  do they?

  Ø  Figuration of Question Tag

Based on the general rule (aturan umum) positive question tags can follow a negative sentence (kalimat negatif). Likewise, negative tag question sentence can follow positive (kalimat positif).
Question tags consist of the main verb (if it is a linking verb "be"), the dummy auxiliary verb "do / does / did" (if the main verb is not a linking verb) or auxiliary verb of the first (if it consists of the main verb and one or more auxiliary) +/- not + subject (pronoun) adjusted to the main sentence.

negative sentence, positive
question tag
negative sentence, positive
question tag

Ahmad didn’t come late, did he?
(Ahmad tidak datang terlambat kan?)
Ahmad came late, didn’t he?
(Ahmad datang terlambat kan?)
The man isn’t stingy, is he?
(Pria tsb tidak pelit kan?)
The man is stingy, isn’t he?
(Pria tsb pelit kan?)
You haven’t finished your homework, have you?
(Kamu belum menyelesaikan PR-mu kan?)
You have finished your homework, haven’t you?
(Kamu telah menyelesaikan PR-mu kan?)
They won’t attend the seminar, will they?
(Mereka tidak akan menghadiri seminar kan?)
They will attend the seminar, won’t they?
(Mereka akan menghadiri seminar kan?)

  Ø  Intonation of Question Tag

Back to the aim of the usage of question tags, that is to ask for information or confirmation. When the question tag is used to ask for information, speaker position is “He/She doesn’t know whether the information is right or wrong”. In this condition, question tags is given a pressure with rising intonation. Otherwise, when the Tag is used to ask for confirmation the speaker convinces that the known- information is true. At that time the speaker just expect the answer to support his convincing, question tag is expressed with falling intonation.  

  Ø  Example:
You didn’t drink alcohol, did you? (Kamu tidak minum alkohol kan?)
  • Speaker didn’t know whether the respondent drank the alcohol and he is willing to know the answer, question tag is expressed with rising intonation.
  • Speaker only want to know that the respondent did not drink alcohol and just expect for confirmation, question tag with falling intonation.

  Ø  More Example Of Question Tag

Example Question Tag
Explanation
I’m right, aren’t I?
spoken English
I’m right, am I not?
formal English
Everybody likes him, don’t they?
digunakan they sebagai gender neuter pronoun.
Nothing is impossible, is it?
Nothing= no thing, sehingga kalimat menjadi negatif,
maka question tag-nya positif.
Nobody came late, did they?
Nobody= no body, sehingga kalimat menjadi negatif,
maka question tag-nya positif. Digunakan they sebagai gender neuter pronoun.
You will never regret it, will you?
Never= not ever, sehingga kalimat menjadi negatif,
maka question tag-nya positif.
Pay attention to the essential matters in Question Tags
   1.  Subject in an interrogative sentences is re-expressed in personal pronoun form.
Example :
Henri will be here, won’t he?
The players have a good skill, don’t they?

   2.      Sentences with the subjects like everyone,  everybody,  everything,  anyone,  anybody,  no one,      
          nobody, must be re-expressed in the tag as “They”.
Example :                            
Everybody watched movie, didn’t they?
No one cares of me, don’t they?

   3.      Sentences in imperative form, the tag is “Will You”.
Example :
Close the door, will you?
Don’t take my book, will you?

   4.      Sentences begin with “Let’s/ Let Us” is re-expressed in the tag to be “Shall We”.
Example :
let’s play the game, shall we?
Let us pay attention to the teacher’s speaking, shall we?

   5.      Sentences with the subject “I am/I” in positive sentences tag must use “Aren’t I”
Example :
I am clever, aren’t I?
I will get the prize in this contest, aren’t I?

But, when the negative sentences we use subject “I am not” the-tag is going back to be “Am I”
Example :
I am not a student, am I ?
I am not lazy to study English, Am I?

   6.      When there is a sentence which contained the word Never, seldom, rarely, barely, hardly, few,    
          little, are considered in the same degree with the negative sentences
    Example :
She seldom comes late, does she?
They never spoke English, did they?







CHAPTER 3
CLOSING


Conclusion
By learning Question Tag, people can understand how to express confirmation or asking for information in English. Not just to understand, but to be a good speaker with using a good sentence. We hope that our paper can explain to the reader relate to question tag how to express it in a sentence.


  







BIBLIOGRAPHY



Grace Widjaja, Dra. 2016. Complete English Grammar and the excercises. Jakarta : PT Buana Ilmu Populer.

www.KelasBahasaInggris.com 23 November 2015, Pembahasan Lengkap Question Tag.


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